Hard Red Winter Wheat

Overview (Has Gluten)

Hard red winter wheat is the most common variation of wheat grown in the US. The majority of it is grown in the Midwest Plains states. Like all winter wheat, it is planted in the fall and grows only a few inches until winter causes it to go dormant. Many home-flour millers use hard red winter wheat because of its stronger flavor than white wheat alternatives.

It is known as “red wheat” because of its reddish hued husk. The berries appear somewhat darker than most whites. With a protein content of about 10.5%, it is quite versatile as a general purpose flour. Winter wheats often produce a higher yield of berries, depending on time of sowing. Hard winter wheats can also have higher gluten content than spring varieties.

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Nutrition information, recipes, and more.

American Made

The Royal Lee Mill

The Royal Lee Mil


Hard red winter wheat is high in protein, which correlates with increased gluten levels. Along with the high protein count, hard winter wheat is an excellent source of dietary fiber, selenium, and manganese, necessary for proper metabolism and overall health. Low saturated fat, low cholesterol and a minimal amount of sodium made this type of wheat ideal for use in baking breads.

Note: Weight of a cup (or partial cup) of flour varies depending upon whether it is lightly sprinkled into a measuring cup or compacted. Most recipe measurements are based on sifted flour as a way to arrive at more uniform measurement.

Gluten Content & Allergen Information

If you have an allergy or are sensitive to either wheat or gluten, avoid this type of flour. Although wheat and gluten allergies can be confused with one another, they have different side effects. Gluten triggers an inflammation of the small intestine while a wheat allergy causes the body to produce antibodies against proteins in the wheat. Both can be severe enough to need medical attention. If you have an allergy to peanuts please check individual labels.

Nutrition Facts

1 servings per container
Serving Size 1 Cup
Amount per serving
Calories 628
% Daily Value
Total Fat 3g 4%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 4mg 1%
Carbohydrates 137g 46%
Dietary Fiber 23g 77%
Total Sugars 1g
Protein 24g
Vitamin D 0mcg 0%
Calcium 56mg 5%
Iron 6mg 34%

* The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

Diet Compatibility

Paleo Diet

The Paleo Diet seeks to emulate the hunter-gatherer diet of our stone-age ancestors. The emphasis is on wild plants and meats similar to what ancient man would have consumed. As such, dairy products, refined sugar and processed oils are off limits. While many Paleo Diet followers also avoid grains, there is ample archaeological evidence to show that grains were part of Paleolithic era man’s diet.

Compatibility with Hard Red Winter Wheat Flour:
Not Compatible

Mediterranean Diet

This diet seeks to emulate the diets of those living along the Mediterranean coast, with an emphasis on fresh fruits and vegetables, seafood/fish at least twice a week, limited servings of poultry, and only occasional sweets and red meat.

Compatibility with Hard Red Winter Wheat Flour:

Gluten-Free Diet

As the name suggests, the gluten-free diet eliminates all foods with gluten. Although most of those on a gluten-free diet are on it out of necessity—either due to severe wheat allergies or Celiac disease—many have embraced a gluten-free diet as being healthier.

Compatibility with Hard Red Winter Wheat Flour:
Not Compatible

Macrobiotic Diet

Although there are many versions of macrobiotic diets, the common thread is that they emphasize natural, whole foods, grown locally and organically. Whole grains, vegetables, legumes, fruits, seeds and nuts, and occasional seafood are all integral to the diet. Red meats, dairy, poultry, eggs and processed foods are off the menu.

Compatibility with Hard Red Winter Wheat Flour:

Acid Alkaline Diet

This diet aims to restore the slightly alkaline state of the body, which is believed to be ideal. By focusing on a diet high in vegetables, fruits, sprouted grains, lentils, almonds and soy products, the goal is to have a balance of 80% alkalizing foods and 20% acid forming foods.

Compatibility with Hard Red Winter Wheat Flour:
Compatible – Hard Red Winter Wheat Flour is considered to be highly acidic

Low-Carb Diet

As the name suggests, this diet focuses on reducing carbohydrates in the diet to lose weight. The theory is that by staying away from high-carb foods like pasta and bread and eating low carb, high fiber vegetables and fruits instead, your body will go into ketosis and you will lose weight. This diet is sometimes referred to as a ketogenic diet.

Compatibility with Hard Red Winter Wheat Flour:
Barely Compatible or compatible in extremely limited quantities

Atkins Diet

The Atkins Diet is a historically popular low carb diet, instructing dieters not to worry about their calories but to monitor and minimize their intake of sugar and carbohydrates. According to Dr. Atkins, depriving the body of its primary energy sources causes the body to burn fat.

Compatibility with Hard Red Winter Wheat Flour:
Compatible or Compatible in extremely limited quantities

“We love the mill! We use it every day for things from bread, to pastry and it is phenomenal. The biggest selling point for me was the fineness since that would mean we can really do some great pastry with it in addition to bread. It definitely has been great!"


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