Hard Red Spring Wheat

Overview (Has Gluten)

Hard red spring wheat flour is named for its berries, which are closely related to hard red winter wheat. This variety is usually grown in the northern United States and Canada. Planted in spring and harvested in the fall, hard red spring wheat has the highest protein content of all the wheat varieties (13.5%). Although it is one of the hardest wheat types, it is widely used to make flour for bread, croissants and pizza flour. Many bakers will add this to flour made from softer wheat for the extra protein content it imparts to the bread. Like hard red winter wheat, hard red spring wheat has a reddish colored husk and produces a slightly darker flour than a white wheat. Spring wheat tends to have more gluten content than the more common winter wheat varieties.

Reds are generally considered more nutty or bitter than their white wheat counterparts. This can be a benefit or a detriment, depending on what flavors you are trying to produce.

Explore & Learn


Nutrition information, recipes, and more.

American Made

The Royal Lee Mill

The Royal Lee Mil


Hard red spring wheat is high in protein. It’s a good source of fiber and high in manganese and selenium. Occasionally, store bread made with hard red spring wheat flour is enriched with B vitamins. This type of wheat has increased gluten levels, due to the high amount of protein.

Note: Weight of a cup (or partial cup) of flour varies depending upon whether it is lightly sprinkled into a measuring cup or compacted. Most recipe measurements are based on sifted flour as a way to arrive at more uniform measurement.

Gluten Content & Allergen Information

Hard spring wheat berries contain the most gluten compared to other wheat varieties. If you have a wheat allergy, avoid eating this product. This variety of wheat should also be avoided if you are sensitive to gluten or have Celiac disease. If you have a peanut (or other nut) allergy, please check individual labels on the packaging. Whether you have minor to severe reactions, always check the labels on your foods.

Substitutes and Alternatives to Hard Red Spring Wheat Flour

Hard red spring wheat is often used as a healthy substitute for traditional all-purpose bleached or unbleached flour commonly found in grocery stores. However, if you aren’t able to use hard red spring wheat, due to a gluten sensitivity or celiac disease, try using amaranth or barley flour as an equivalent.

Nutrition Facts

1 servings per container
Serving Size 1 Cup
Amount per serving
Calories 632
% Daily Value
Total Fat 4g 5%
Cholesterol 1mg 1%
Sodium 0mg 0%
Carbohydrates 4g 2%
Dietary Fiber 23g 77%
Total Sugars 1g
Protein 30g
Vitamin D 0mcg 0%
Calcium 48mg 4%
Iron 7mg 39%
Potassium 0mg 0%

* The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

Diet Compatibility

Paleo Diet

The Paleo Diet seeks to emulate the hunter-gatherer diet of our stone-age ancestors. The emphasis is on wild plants and meats similar to what ancient man would have consumed. As such, dairy products, refined sugar and processed oils are off limits. While many Paleo Diet followers also avoid grains, there is ample archaeological evidence to show that grains were part of Paleolithic era man’s diet.

Compatibility with Hard Red Spring Wheat Flour:
Not Compatible

Mediterranean Diet

This diet seeks to emulate the diets of those living along the Mediterranean coast, with an emphasis on fresh fruits and vegetables, seafood/fish at least twice a week, limited servings of poultry, and only occasional sweets and red meat.

Compatibility with Hard Red Spring Wheat Flour:

Gluten-Free Diet

As the name suggests, the gluten-free diet eliminates all foods with gluten. Although most of those on a gluten-free diet are on it out of necessity—either due to severe wheat allergies or Celiac disease—many have embraced a gluten-free diet as being healthier.

Compatibility with Hard Red Spring Wheat Flour:
Not Compatible

Macrobiotic Diet

Although there are many versions of macrobiotic diets, the common thread is that they emphasize natural, whole foods, grown locally and organically. Whole grains, vegetables, legumes, fruits, seeds and nuts, and occasional seafood are all integral to the diet. Red meats, dairy, poultry, eggs and processed foods are off the menu.

Compatibility with Hard Red Spring Wheat Flour:

Acid Alkaline Diet

This diet aims to restore the slightly alkaline state of the body, which is believed to be ideal. By focusing on a diet high in vegetables, fruits, sprouted grains, lentils, almonds and soy products, the goal is to have a balance of 80% alkalizing foods and 20% acid forming foods.

Compatibility with Hard Red Spring Wheat Flour:
Compatible – Hard Red Spring Wheat Flour is considered to be highly acidic

Low-Carb Diet

As the name suggests, this diet focuses on reducing carbohydrates in the diet to lose weight. The theory is that by staying away from high-carb foods like pasta and bread and eating low carb, high fiber vegetables and fruits instead, your body will go into ketosis and you will lose weight. This diet is sometimes referred to as a ketogenic diet.

Compatibility with Hard Red Spring Wheat Flour:
Barely Compatible or compatible in extremely limited quantities

Atkins Diet

The Atkins Diet is a historically popular low carb diet, instructing dieters not to worry about their calories but to monitor and minimize their intake of sugar and carbohydrates. According to Dr. Atkins, depriving the body of its primary energy sources causes the body to burn fat.

Compatibility with Hard Red Spring Wheat Flour:

“We love the mill! We use it every day for things from bread, to pastry and it is phenomenal. The biggest selling point for me was the fineness since that would mean we can really do some great pastry with it in addition to bread. It definitely has been great!"


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