Overview (Has Gluten)

Durum wheat, sometimes loosely (or mistakenly) called Semolina is sometimes referred to as macaroni wheat. Durum and Semolina are slightly different—Semolina refers only to the coarsely ground endosperm of durum wheat. Durum has the distinction of being the hardest of all the wheat varieties, as well as having the highest protein content. Its hardness and density make it a common choice for pasta and noodles. In the United States, durum is grown mostly in North Dakota, although it is widely cultivated in Africa where couscous, a coarsely ground durum, is a staple food and in Italy, where finely ground durum flour is the flour of choice for making pastas.

Although durum has a protein content around 13%, it is very low in gluten and there are not many recipes for breads made purely with Semolina flour. Usually, Semolina flour is blended with other flours to achieve a higher protein content without adding more gluten.

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Nutrition information, recipes, and more.

American Made

The Royal Lee Mill

The Royal Lee Mil


Durum wheat is high in Magnesium, Phosphorus, Selenium, and Manganese—all necessary minerals to ensure good overall health and proper function of nerves, muscles and healthy thyroid functions. In addition to these essential minerals, durum wheat is low in saturated fat, sodium, and cholesterol. It’s also high in protein and most commonly used in pastas.

Note: Weight of a cup (or partial cup) of flour varies depending upon whether it is lightly sprinkled into a measuring cup or compacted. Most recipe measurements are based on sifted flour as a way to arrive at more uniform measurement.

Gluten Content & Allergen Information

Durum wheat flour has gluten in it. If you are allergic to either wheat or gluten you should avoid this product. Celiac disease and wheat allergic reactions are confused with one another because wheat and gluten typically go hand in hand. Wheat reactions cause typical allergic reactions while a gluten reaction affects the immune system. People with peanut (or other nut) allergies should read each label, ensuring it was not packaged in a facility where allergy-causing nuts were present.

Nutrition Facts

1 servings per container
Serving Size 1 Cup
Amount per serving
Calories 651
% Daily Value
Total Fat 5g 7%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 4mg 1%
Carbohydrates 137g 46%
Dietary Fiber 8g 27%
Total Sugars 4g
Protein 26g
Vitamin D 0mcg 0%
Calcium 65mg 5%
Iron 7mg 39%
Potassium 0mg 0%

* The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

Diet Compatibility

Paleo Diet

The Paleo Diet seeks to emulate the hunter-gatherer diet of our stone-age ancestors. The emphasis is on wild plants and meats similar to what ancient man would have consumed. As such, dairy products, refined sugar and processed oils are off limits. While many Paleo Diet followers also avoid grains, there is ample archaeological evidence to show that grains were part of Paleolithic era man’s diet.

Compatibility with Durum Flour:
Not Compatible

Mediterranean Diet

This diet seeks to emulate the diets of those living along the Mediterranean coast, with an emphasis on fresh fruits and vegetables, seafood/fish at least twice a week, limited servings of poultry, and only occasional sweets and red meat.

Compatibility with Durum Flour:

Gluten-Free Diet

As the name suggests, the gluten-free diet eliminates all foods with gluten. Although most of those on a gluten-free diet are on it out of necessity—either due to severe wheat allergies or Celiac disease—many have embraced a gluten-free diet as being healthier.

Compatibility with Durum Flour:
Not Compatible

Macrobiotic Diet

Although there are many versions of macrobiotic diets, the common thread is that they emphasize natural, whole foods, grown locally and organically. Whole grains, vegetables, legumes, fruits, seeds and nuts, and occasional seafood are all integral to the diet. Red meats, dairy, poultry, eggs and processed foods are off the menu.

Compatibility with Durum Flour:

Acid Alkaline Diet

This diet aims to restore the slightly alkaline state of the body, which is believed to be ideal. By focusing on a diet high in vegetables, fruits, sprouted grains, lentils, almonds and soy products, the goal is to have a balance of 80% alkalizing foods and 20% acid forming foods.

Compatibility with Durum Flour:
Compatible – Durum Flour is considered to be highly acidic

Low-Carb Diet

As the name suggests, this diet focuses on reducing carbohydrates in the diet to lose weight. The theory is that by staying away from high-carb foods like pasta and bread and eating low carb, high fiber vegetables and fruits instead, your body will go into ketosis and you will lose weight. This diet is sometimes referred to as a ketogenic diet.

Compatibility with Durum Flour:
Barely Compatible or Compatible in Extremely Limited Quantities

Atkins Diet

The Atkins Diet is a historically popular low carb diet, instructing dieters not to worry about their calories but to monitor and minimize their intake of sugar and carbohydrates. According to Dr. Atkins, depriving the body of its primary energy sources causes the body to burn fat.

Compatibility with Durum Flour:
Barely Compatible or Compatible in Extremely Limited Quantities

“We love the mill! We use it every day for things from bread, to pastry and it is phenomenal. The biggest selling point for me was the fineness since that would mean we can really do some great pastry with it in addition to bread. It definitely has been great!"


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